So now you know about microscopes, but which do you want to buy? Let’s review some of the important factors to consider before making your purchase.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
What factors are important in selecting a microscope to buy?
When buying a microscope, there are several factors to consider to ensure that you get the right one for your needs. Here are some things to look for:
- Magnification: Microscopes have different levels of magnification. Consider the level of magnification you need for the objects you want to observe. A pocket microscope can be as low as 10x or 20x, whereas the most powerful light microscopes can go up to 1600x total magnification. Different applications have different magnifications, but you usually want to pick the lowest power that will work for you – this will give you the best image quality and the lowest cost. Sometimes too much power can be too zoomed in and not actually deliver the image you want.
- Quality of optics: The quality of the lenses and optics is crucial for clear and sharp images. Look for microscopes with high-quality optics. This can be hard to evaluate unless you are testing the microscope, below is another section on how to evaluate optical quality.
- Illumination: A microscope’s illumination system can affect the clarity and brightness of the image. Look for microscopes with adjustable illumination. Also the type of illumination and light source may influence your choice depending on the specimen you want to look at. For example, for more opaque samples you may want a biological microscope that has both transmitted and reflective light so you aren’t just limited to semi-transparent prepared slides. Or perhaps your sample is a live cell that is hard to see with bright field illumination, you might need a phase contrast microscope to get a clear view of the details you need to observe.
- Price: Microscopes can vary widely in price. Consider your budget and choose a microscope that offers the features you need within your budget. The lowest price point to start is a pocket microscope and can increase as you grow towards a professional full size laboratory grade compound microscope.
- Size and weight: Consider the size and weight of the microscope, especially if you need to move it around or store it when not in use. Portable or pocket microscopes are a great first size to get started for many applications. You can always start smaller and then build up your microscope collection from there!
- Accessories: Some microscopes come with accessories such as slides, coverslips, and lens cleaning materials. Consider what microscope accessories you may need. Some microscopes with kids included only have very basic slides that can get boring fast, however, many of these microscope slide kits are sold separately, letting you but exactly what you need.
Overall, consider your specific needs and uses for the microscope when choosing which one to buy.
How do I evaluate the optical quality?
Brightness, focus, resolution, and contrast are all important factors that affect the optical quality of a microscope. Overall, these factors are all important in evaluating the optical quality of a microscope. A microscope with good brightness, focus, resolution, and contrast will provide the user with clear and accurate images of the specimen, which is essential for research, analysis, and other applications.
Focus: The focus of a microscope refers to the ability to produce a clear image of the specimen being viewed. It is important to have a microscope that can focus precisely, as a blurry or out-of-focus image can make it difficult to observe and analyze the specimen. A microscope with good focus allows the user to view the specimen in great detail and with accuracy. Some microscope may have objective lenses with a high power but they are unfocusable – this is a false magnification because you can never actually achieve a focused image at the stated power.
Resolution: Resolution refers to the ability of the microscope to distinguish fine details in the specimen being viewed. A microscope with high resolution can show the user more details in the specimen and allows for a more detailed analysis. A high-resolution microscope is especially important for research purposes or when viewing very small or complex structures.
Brightness: The brightness of a microscope is determined by the amount of light that enters the microscope and illuminates the specimen. A bright image is important for viewing the specimen clearly and accurately. A microscope with good brightness allows the user to see fine details in the specimen with clarity.
Contrast: Contrast refers to the ability of the microscope to distinguish between different parts of the specimen. A microscope with good contrast allows the user to see the different structures within the specimen with clarity and accuracy. This is important for identifying different components of the specimen and for understanding its structure.